Protection rights (sometimes referred to simply as "protection") refer to the legal protection active citizens in the game usually receive, where if a player is attacked by another in normal circumstances, the police officer(s) of that city will issue a warrant to the attacker. As such, if a citizen's 'protection rights' were removed by a mayor or other figure/faction of power, any attacks on them would be considered legal within their jurisdiction.

The term was popularised by Shadix and TheStig, who both during their mayorship in Rome removed the protection of Drake Anderson for various reasons. In both scenarios, the removal of the protection was used as a disciplinary tool and/or a method of law enforcement.